This fountain can be found in Barcelona, Spain, on La Rambla near Place de Catalunya. Barcelona was once a walled city which extended its boundaries to incorporate a stream that carried water to the sea. The path that followed the stream became a tree lined avenue in the 18th century and the city walls were demolished.
Water fountains have always been in this location; a 16th century water fountain which directed water from a drain to a trough was replaced by two separate fountains in 1863. The current fountain was designed for the World Fair in 1888. Barcelona City Council erected 15 lantern fountains which were located throughout the city.
In the 1930’s F. C. Barcelona fans congregated at the fountain (once the location of La Rambla newspaper) to read the soccer results posted on a blackboard outside the office. This ritual continues to the present day as Barca fans gather at the fountain to celebrate club victories.
The base of the fountain is a circular plinth which doubles as a drainage system. Four circular basins on pedestals surround the central column, and a small trough for dogs is located at ground level. The central column expands into the shape of an urn with four spigots, each surmounted by Barcelona’s coat of arms. An attic base supports a fluted roof from which rises a highly decorated column with four brackets supporting glass lanterns with crown finials. The apex of the structure resembles a pine cone. A plaque in the ground reports the legend that anyone who drinks from the fountain will fall in love with the city and always return.
- Attic base, A column base with two rings
- Finial, A sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
- Plinth, Flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests.
- Spigot, A device that controls the flow of liquid from a container