Location: Montrose, Angus, Scotland
Dean Park, located at Mid Links near Academy Square, contains a 19th century lamp/fountain combination known locally as Dean’s Lamp. It is adjacent to the statue of Robert Burns on the path between Marine Avenue and Churchyard Walk. The park and lamp were probably (I have been unable to discover relevant data) named after the Dean of Guild, a group of burgh magistrates who were responsible for buildings.
The design, manufactured by McDowall, Steven & Co.’s Milton Works in Glasgow, supplied fresh water to animals and humans. It is seated on a square stone plinth. A square base houses small demi-lune basins at ground level for dogs, and four large quatrefoil basins for horses. The pedestal is inscribed, ‘The Deans Lamp 1881’.
The highly decorated stanchion and central column are decorated with acanthus and floral relief. Lion masks, a symbol of guardianship, spouted water from which humans drank using metal cups suspended on consoles. A dolphin, symbolizing guardians of water, flank each side of the stanchion. The base of the lamp column contains four mascarons crowned with a shell motif.
The Corinthian column supports a central lantern flanked by two additional lanterns on elaborate palmette consoles. The six sided glass pane lanterns were capped with a ball and spike finial.
It was recorded as a Category C listed building on 30 March 1999. Restoration of the structure in 2002 included repainting the cast iron and installing lanterns to resemble the original design.
- Acanthus, one of the most common plant forms (deeply cut leaves) to make foliage ornament and decoration
- Console, a decorative bracket support element
- Column Corinthian, a fluted shaft with flowers and leaves at the capital.
- Demi-lune, half moon or crescent shape
- Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
- Mascaron, a decorative element in the form of a sculpted face or head of a human being or an animal
- Palmette, a decorative motif resembling the fan shaped leaves of a palm tree
- Plinth, flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests.
- Quatrefoil, a type of decorative framework consisting of a symmetrical shape which forms the overall outline of four partially-overlapping circles of the same diameter
- Stanchion, upright bar or post providing support