Tag Archives: Cheshire

Golden Jubilee Fountain

Location: Jubilee Gardens, Congleton, Cheshire, England

A combination drinking fountain and horse trough was donated to the town by Mrs. Howard of Brereton Hall in 1887 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee. It was originally erected on Swan Bank at the junction of Duke Street and Mill Street (the market place) and was connected to the town water supply.

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It became an obstacle to traffic in 1936 and was relocated to the end of Mill Street in order to build a roundabout. No longer connected to the water supply the structure was used as a signpost and later removed to the corporation yard near Holmes Chapel Road. In reaction to public concern, Alderman Barton proposed that the fountain be relocated to Mill Green where it remained until 1961.

Judged to be a traffic hazard when it was damaged by a vehicle, it was repaired and moved to Congleton Park in 1969 not far from the Jubilee Pavilion, at the edge of the playing field next to the old tennis courts.

It was relocated to the Jubilee Gardens within the park after restoration by local engineering firm S. J. A. Dale & Son.

The fountain is a customized structure containing several design elements by Walter Macfarlane’s Saracen Foundry in Glasgow. Seated on a circular stone plinth, the wide base is in the form of a St. Andrew’s cross with four lion jambs supporting four elaborately decorated quatrefoil basins for horses, four smaller demi-lune basins for humans and troughs at ground level for dogs. It is similar to font design number 18. The stanchion is decorated with acanthus and floral relief. Four consoles protrude from a circular fluted shaft (lamp pillar number 45) to suspend drinking cups on chains. A dedication shield bore the inscription; Whosoever drinketh of this water I shall give him will never thirst. The lamp pillar was number 40 capped with a crown and finial. Roofed in with scales of opal glass the lantern cast the light downwards (design number 223).  The lantern was later replaced by a glass globe enclosed within a horizontal and vertical band.

Glossary:

  • Acanthus, one of the most common plant forms (deeply cut leaves) to make foliage ornament and decoration
  • Console, a decorative bracket support element
  • Demi-lune, half moon or crescent shape
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Fluted Shaft, a long rounded groove decorating the shaft of a column
  • Jamb, a projecting vertical post containing sculpture
  • Plinth, flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests.
  • Quatrefoil, a type of decorative framework consisting of a symmetrical shape which forms the overall outline of four partially-overlapping circles of the same diameter
  • Stanchion, upright bar or post providing support

Jubilee Fountain and Lamp Standard

Location: Poynton, Cheshire, England

The drinking fountain erected in 1897 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee was located at the crossroads of London Road, Cheshire Road and Park Lane when Poynton was merely a hamlet.

The fountain is a modification of number 175, manufactured by the Sun Foundry of Glasgow. The moulded horse troughs in the base are not part of the original design and were manufactured by Wilson and Co., Manchester.

The pedestal with chamfered edge hosts four panels. On three sides a compass cross contains a lion mascaron with self-closing tap from which water spouted into small basins. Drinking water was captured in metal cups suspended on chains. Overflow water which drained into demi-lune troughs for horses also fed small troughs at ground level for dogs.

The fourth panel is inscribed with the dedication: 1837 Erected 1937 / By The / Inhabitants Of / Poynton / In Commemoration / Of The / Diamond Jubilee / Of / Queen Victoria.

A frieze of acanthus leaves is situated beneath the capital upon which there is a lamp standard with four decorative feet in the form of scrolls. The pedestal, also originally used as a guide post with four directional plates, has a bulbous base with bas-relief extending into a fluted column with bands. A two tiered acroter supports a candelabrum of four glass lanterns with elaborate consoles. These lamps offered the first street lighting in the village.

The fountain was registered as a Grade II listed building on 17 November 1983. Listed Building Consent was received to relocate the fountain, and after restoration it was relocated to Park Lane in 2011.

Glossary:

  • Acanthus, one of the most common plant forms (deeply cut leaves) to make foliage ornament and decoration
  • Acroter, flat base
  • Bas-relief, sculpted material that has been raised from the background to create a slight projection from the surface
  • Capital, the top of a column that supports the load bearing down on it
  • Chamfer, a beveled edge
  • Compass cross, a cross of equal vertical and horizontal lengths, concentric with and overlaying a circle.
  • Console, a decorative bracket support element
  • Demi-lune, half moon or crescent shape
  • Frieze, the horizontal part of a classical moulding just below the cornice, often decorated with carvings
  • Mascaron, a decorative element in the form of a sculpted face or head of a human being or an animal
  • Pedestal, an architectural support for a column or statue

 

 


Queen Victoria Jubilee Fountain

Location: Warrington, Cheshire, England

The fountain in Queens Gardens was erected in 1898 in joint commemoration of the 50th Anniversary of Warrington Borough Council and Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee in 1897. It was donated by a local businessman named Robert Garnett. The fountain was recorded as a grade II listed structure on 4 April 1975.

Drinking fountain number 8 from Walter Macfarlane & Co.’s catalogue was manufactured at the Saracen Foundry at Possilpark in Glasgow. The structure is 9 feet 6 inches high and consists of four columns, from the capitals of which consoles with griffin terminals unite with arches formed of decorated mouldings.

Rope moulded cartouches within the lunettes host the images of a crane, and a bust of Queen Victoria. On all sides provision was made for receiving an inscription using raised metal letters; three sides display the useful monition, Keep The Pavement Dry. Civic virtues such as temperance were often extolled in inscriptions on drinking fountains. The structure is surmounted by an open filigree dome, the finial being a crown with a pattée cross.

Originally there was a drinking fountain beneath the canopy. The font (casting number 7) was 5 foot 8 inches high. The basin which had a scalloped edge and decorative relief was supported by a single decorative pedestal with four pilasters and four descending salamanders, a symbol of courage and bravery. A central urn with four consoles offered drinking cups suspended by chains. The terminal was a crane.

Casting #7

Casting #7

Symbolism was popular in Victorian times. Griffins are symbolic of guardians of priceless possessions, salamanders display bravery and courage that cannot be extinguished by fire, and cranes are recognized as a symbol of vigilance.

 

Glossary

  • Capital: The top of a column that supports the load bearing down on it
  • Cartouche, a structure or figure, often in the shape of an oval shield or oblong scroll, used as an architectural or graphic ornament or to bear a design or inscription
  • Console: a decorative bracket support element
  • Filigree, fine ornamental work
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Fret, running or repeated ornament
  • Griffin, winged lion denotes vigilance and strength, guards treasure and priceless possessions
  • Lunette, the half-moon shaped space framed by an arch, often containing a window or painting
  • Pattée cross, a cross with arms that narrow at the centre and flare out at the perimeter
  • Pedestal, an architectural support for a column or statue
  • Pilaster, a column form that is only ornamental and not supporting a structure
  • Plinth, flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests
  • Terminal, statue or ornament that stands on a pedestal

 


Laird Fountain

The Tranmere Abbatoir in Birkenhead was opened by Mayor William Laird Esq. in 1886. To commemorate the opening of the abbatoir, a fountain was mounted into the wall at the corner of New Chester Road and the entrance to Cammell Laird Shipyard.

The fountain is cast iron coated with copper which has weathered to create a blue/green patina. It is surmounted by a terracotta canopy with attic base and fluted conical acroteria.

The cast iron backplate is in the form of a stylized shield with decorative relief. The scalloped base (originally a trough for dogs) is flanked by two lion masks which delivered water to the trough. A single pedestal supports a protruding basin above which is a panel containing a large lion mask from which water spouted. A wreath and the date 7th March is displayed above the mask.

The top third of the fountain contains a ribbon scroll displayed across the width of the backplate with a dedication; These Abattoirs Were Opened By Wm Laird Esq J.P. Mayor Of Birkenhead.

Four rosettes which flank the backplate were possibly used to conceal bolts that anchor the plate to the bricks. On the wall to the right of the basin there is a circular plate with a button and the inscription; T. Kennedy Patented Kilmarnock. Thomas Kennedy was a partner in the firm Glenfield Co. Ltd. of Kilmarnock, manufacturers of castings and general foundry work.

The fountain was listed a Grade II historic building in 2011.

Glossary

  • Acroteria, an ornament placed on a flat base and mounted at the apex of the pediment
  • Attic base, a column base with two rings

 

Image Sources

http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/630889

http://www.liverpoolmonuments.co.uk/drinking/birkenhead01.html

https://www.flickr.com/photos/12547928@N07/5384635229/

 


Hoylake Promenade Fountain

Location: Wirral, Cheshire, England

This drinking fountain was erected in 1901 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Jubilee. The fountain is seated on a two tiered plinth located at the Hoylake promenade in Wirral. It was listed a grade II historic building on 20 January 1988.

Although the drinking fountain was still operational in the 1970s vandalism regularly destroyed the taps, and eventually the council stopped repairing it. It has changed colour throughout the years: a shade of green in the 1960s then painted blue in the 1970s, and when it was removed for restoration in 2008, it was black and gold. It has since been returned to the original paint colour.

A special project grant from Wirral Coucil enabled restoration and the structure was transported to Wolverhampton for repairs in February 2008. The project was completed in several stages; the font, finials and dedication medallion being installed after the fountain was returned to the Promenade.

Cast iron is an unusual material to be used in conjunction with water, and rust appeared almost immediately. In 2011 repairs were required. The basin is no longer a working font although the water pipe still remains under the plinth.

The following photos show the fountain in previous decades and also in various stages of the restoration project (architectural pieces are missing.) The last photograph shows the complete structure.

Drinking fountain number 8 from Walter Macfarlane & Co.’s catalogue was manufactured at the Saracen Foundry at Possilpark in Glasgow. The structure is 9 feet 6 inches high and is seated on a two tier square plinth. The structure consists of four columns, from the capitals of which consoles with griffin terminals unite with arches formed of decorated mouldings.

Rope moulded cartouches within each lunette host an image of Queen Victoria upon which is stamped the manufacturer’s name, Macfarlane & Co. Glasgow. The fourth medallion contains an inscription, For the Children of Hoylake and Meols. On two of the sides provision was made for receiving an inscription using raised metal letters. The structure is surmounted by an open filigree dome, the finial being a crown with a pattée cross.

Under the canopy stands the font (design number 7) 5 foot 8 inches high. The basin which has a scalloped edge and decorative relief is supported by a single decorative pedestal with four pilasters and four descending salamanders, a symbol of courage and bravery. A central urn with four consoles offer drinking cups suspended by chains. The terminal is a crane.

Symbolism was popular in Victorian times. Griffins are symbolic of guardians of priceless possessions, salamanders display bravery and courage that cannot be extinguished by fire, and cranes are recognized as a symbol of vigilance.

Glossary

  • Capital: The top of a column that supports the load bearing down on it
  • Cartouche, a structure or figure, often in the shape of an oval shield or oblong scroll, used as an architectural or graphic ornament or to bear a design or inscription
  • Console: a decorative bracket support element
  • Filigree, fine ornamental work
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Fret, running or repeated ornament
  • Griffin, winged lion denotes vigilance and strength, guards treasure and priceless possessions
  • Lunette, the half-moon shaped space framed by an arch, often containing a window or painting
  • Pattée cross, a cross with arms that narrow at the centre and flare out at the perimeter
  • Pedestal, an architectural support for a column or statue
  • Pilaster, a column form that is only ornamental and not supporting a structure
  • Plinth, flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests
  • Terminal, statue or ornament that stands on a pedestal