Location: Forest Hall, North Tyneside, England
A drinking fountain/trough/lamp combination originally located in the centre of the road near the Clousden Hill Inn in the village of Forest Hall was removed and missing for many decades. The earliest image of this drinking fountain/trough/lamp is dated 1900.
Local historian and photographer Jack Phillips began searching for the cast iron trough after seeing an old picture of the Clousden Hill Inn. From the original structure only the discarded horse trough was discovered in the North Tyneside Council yard at Springfield Park. Phillips wrote to the Longbenton Council with a suggestion that it should be reinstated. It was restored and installed in 1984 at the junction of Forest Hall Road and Great Lime Road not far from its original location. It no longer serves its original function and is utilised as a flower planter.
Design #80 manufactured by Walter Macfarlane & Co. in the Saracen´s foundry, Glasgow was well suited for Street Crossings, Squares, Market Places, etc., as it afforded drinking accommodation for a large number of horses and drivers, and effectively lit a wide space, with the least possible obstruction to other traffic. Standing 12 ft 9ins high it consisted of a circular cast iron basin with broad rounded rim supported on legs cast in the form of horse hooves. The fetlock transitioned at the interface with the trough into an acanthus scroll motif. Water was regulated by a small patent cistern, which was self-acting, and when the troughs were full the ball rose and shut the water off.
The central stanchion with attic base supported a central fluted column and the option of a shield for inscription. Four projecting consoles suspended cups on chains that allowed humans to drink from spouting water (the water flow was operated with two bib valves which released water when pressed). A bulbous form engraved with acanthus bas-relief demarcated the transition of the column into a lamp pillar (#30) supporting a central gas lamp (design #208) roofed in with scales of opal glass which allowed the lantern to cast the light downward. The terminal was a crown with lantern. Yoke maintenance arms were positioned beneath the lantern.
- Acanthus, one of the most common plant forms (deeply cut leaves) to make foliage ornament and decoration
- Attic base, a column base with two rings
- Bas-relief, sculpted material that has been raised from the background to create a slight projection from the surface
- Bib valve, a valve controlling the release of a liquid
- Capital, the top of a column that supports the load bearing down on it
- Console, a decorative bracket support element
- Fluted Shaft, a long rounded groove decorating the shaft of a column
- Stanchion, an upright bar or post providing support
- Terminal, statue or ornament that stands on a pedestal
- Yoke maintenance arms, the bars near the top of the street light which supported the lamplighter’s ladder