Conisbrough Drinking Fountain & Trough

Location:  Conisbrough, South Yorkshire , England       

Coronation Park, a former paddock, was donated to the town by Mrs. Godfrey Walker of Scarborough. It was officially opened on 22 June 1911 to commemorate the Coronation of George V. Public subscription raised money to erect a lamp and fountain at the southern entrance to the park at the junction of Castle Hill and Low Road.  The combined drinking fountain, horse trough and lamp was unveiled by Mrs. Walker. It was listed as a Grade II historic building on 26 November 1987.

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This octagonal shaped drinking fountain is seated within a cast iron trough. The single pillar with attic base hosts inset arched panels. A dedication in the panel states, Coronation / 0f / King / George / V / 22nd June / 1911 / This / Lamp / & Fountain / Was / Erected / By / Public / Subscription. Entablature with bolt consoles sits beneath an ogee cupola with alternate panels of fleur de lys motif. The post and yoke maintenance arms that originally supported a lamp are still in evidence. The six sided glass pane lantern was capped with a ball and spike finial.

A small trough at ground level was for the use of dogs. A plaque is inscribed above it; Geo. Wright Ltd. / Burton Weir / Rotherham. Although an iron foundry, this company probably did the piping and connections, as this fountain is a casting from the Sun Foundry in Glasgow, Scotland.

Glossary

  • Attic base, a column base with two rings
  • Console, a decorative bracket support element
  • Cupola, a small, domed structure on top of a roof.
  • Entablature, moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Ogee, curve with a concave
  • Yoke maintenance arms, the bars near the top of a street light which supported the lamplighter’s ladder

Ramsey Fountain & Trough

Location: Ramsey Road & Mayes Lane, Ramsey, Essex

Richard Combe Abdy a wealthy businessman with interests in cotton and banking owned Michaelstowe Hall in 1920. He donated the drinking fountain and horse trough to replace a pond that had previously existed on the site.

Casting #16 (3 feet 3 inches high and 2 feet 7 inches wide) is a wall mounted drinking fountain in the form of a round arch trimmed with highly decorated fret detail and rope moulding. The recessed interior of the arch contains a shell lunette with a tap which poured water into a fluted demi-lune basin. The fountain is surmounted with a palmette finial and a ring from which a single drinking cup was suspended on a chain.

A rectangular cattle trough is located a short distance from the fountain. It is supported on six legs in the form of animal fetlocks. A basin for dogs at ground level is located on the left side.

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Glossary

  • Demi-lune, half moon or crescent shape
  • Fetlock, part of an animal’s leg above the hoof
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Fret, running or repeated ornament
  • Lunette, the half-moon shaped space framed by an arch, often containing a window or painting
  • Palmette, a decorative motif resembling the fan shaped leaves of a palm tree

Wyatt Fountains

Location: Adelaide, South Australia

Following the opening of the Throndon Reservoir in Adelaide in 1860, piped water was made available to households. Adelaide was a hot, dry, dusty city in which many worked outdoors in the blinding light and heat and water fountains were a priority for humans and horses.

During 1860 the Adelaide Municipal Council debated provision of drinking fountains. In March there was a proposal to install a fountain at the intersection of King William, Currie and Grenfell streets. Also that Hindmarsh, Victoria, and Light Squares would be suitable localities. The motion was sent to the Waterworks committee. ‘Municipal Council. Monday March 19′ (SA Register, 20 March 1860). Tenders were issued for simple and inexpensive drinking fountains which were produced by the G. Wyatt Foundry.

They are to stand about seven feet high, and consist each of an octagonal base relieved by sunken panels, a shaft, also eight-sided, and a simple but suitable cap. At a convenient height on the shaft a curved ornamental spout projects over a small shell-shaped basin, into which it is proposed to have a tiny stream of water continually falling from the spout, with a view of presenting to the thirsty wayfarer the pure element in the coolest possible condition. The water will on overflowing fall into a larger basin below, where dogs and other ‘inferior creatures’ privileged to be at large within the city may quench their thirst without let or hindrance.’ (SA Register, 1861)

The Council installed 13 of these fountains on Tuesday 12 February 1861.

  1. South Adelaide – Victoria Square, near the entrance opposite to the government offices
  2. South Adelaide – Victoria Square at the entrance to the southern portion of the square in the produce market;
  3. South Adelaide – At the City Bridge road, North Terrace;
  4. South Adelaide – King William Street, near the Bank of Australasia at the intersection of King Wm, Currie and Grenfell streets;
  5. South Adelaide – Hindley Street, corner of Leigh Street;
  6. South Adelaide – Rundle Street, corner of Gawler Place;
  7. South Adelaide – Light Square (near the northern entrance in each case);
  8. South Adelaide – Hindmarsh Square (near the northern entrance in each case);
  9. South Adelaide – Hurtle Square (near to the southern entrance in each case)
  10. South Adelaide – Whitmore Square (near to the southern entrance in each case)
  11. North Adelaide – At Wellington Square, near southern entrance;
  12. North Adelaide – O’Connell Street, corner of Childers Street
  13. North Adelaide – Kermode Street, opposite to the Scotch Thistle.
Corner of Rundle and Gawler Place 1872. No known copyright restrictions.  Source: http://images.slsa.sa.gov.au/mpcimg/02000/B1908.htm

Corner of Rundle and Gawler Place 1872. No known copyright restrictions.
Source: http://images.slsa.sa.gov.au/mpcimg/02000/B1908.htm

 

Dr. John Grant Smith Memorial Fountain

Location: Thurso, Highlands, Scotland

This drinking fountain was erected in memory of Dr. John Grant Smith who served the community and surrounding area for 44 years before dying unexpectedly from an illness. He was held in such high regard that a public funeral was held, and donations from the local townspeople paid for the memorial which was erected at the Town Hall Square.

Alan McIvor Collection, used with permission. Source: http://www.thursointeractive.co.uk/default.aspx

Alan McIvor Collection, used with permission. Source: http://www.thursointeractive.co.uk/default.aspx

In the 1950’s probably due to lack of use and public awareness of hygiene, the drinking fountain was taken apart and moved to the Esplanade where it was neglected.

The Thurso Community Council spearheaded the restoration of the structure, and with a financial donation from UKAEA Dounreay, and a personal donation of time from Mr. Robbie Maitland, a painter and decorator, the fountain was returned to its previous glory.

Casting number 19 (10’ 10” high), manufactured by Walter MacFarlane’s Saracen Foundry in Glasgow, originally stood on a square plinth opposite the Town Hall. The wide base with canted corners supports a circular shaft ornamented with water lilies. Four lion jambs support four highly decorated quatrefoil basins. The stanchion and central column are decorated with floral relief and projecting acanthus. Four consoles protrude from the column to suspend drinking cups on chains. The capital supports the finial, a statue of Samson. Symbolism was popular in Victorian times. Lions are symbolic of guardianship and Samson is symbolic of strength.

Glossary

  • Acanthus, one of the most common plant forms (deeply cut leaves) to make foliage ornament and decoration
  • Capital, the top of a column that supports the load bearing down on it
  • Canted corner, an angled surface which cuts of a corner
  • Console, a decorative bracket support element
  • Finial, a sculptured ornament fixed to the top of a peak, arch, gable or similar structure
  • Jamb, a projecting vertical post containing sculpture
  • Plinth, flat base usually projecting, upon which a pedestal, wall or column rests
  • Quatrefoil, a type of decorative framework consisting of a symmetrical shape which forms the overall outline of four partially-overlapping circles of the same diameter
  • Stanchion, an upright bar or post providing support

 

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